Date: 22/09/2022


Q 251: : I am a new exporter of agro commodities and want to export millet from Jaipur, Rajasthan. How do I go about this? Where is the market for millet and who are the buyers importing millet from India? 
A: 1. We have noted your interest to export millet.
2. Millet is an agricultural product being exported from India regularly.
3. Being an agro product, it has its own challenges as other agro products.
4. The HS Code of millet (Bajra) is 10082120. 
5. This product is freely exportable. In other words, there are no restrictions on exports.
6. You have to be a member of APEDA, which is the concerned promotional organisation.
7. You have to check the quality available in Jaipur and also the competitiveness of the price.
8. In case you require procuring millets from other regions than Rajasthan to meet international demand, you should do so.
9. There is a set procedure for exports and you have to follow the same.
10. This procedure includes procurement, inspection, packing, documentation, transportation, Customs clearance, shipment and banking.
11. Agro products will require phytosanitary certificate at the time of export.
12. You may approach some experienced Custom Broker and can take further guidance regarding Customs clearance.
13. World export of millet has increased from $380 million in 2019 to $402.7 million in 2020. 
14. India exported millet worth $28.5 million in 2019-20 and $26.97 million in 2020-21.
15. Major exporters of millet are the US, Russian Federation, Ukraine, India, China, Netherlands, France, Poland and Argentina.
16. India exports millet (Bajra) mainly to the UAE, Oman, Libya, Tunisia, Taiwan and Afghanistan.
17. At present Duty Drawback on millet (Bajra) is Nil and RoDTEP is 1.0%.
18. Millets being seasonal, you have to plan the procurement and shipment accordingly.
19. We do not have any buyers’ list with us.
20. You may approach APEDA: 
21. To get buyers for millet, you may contact Indian embassies overseas.
1. Claim for quality
- Strict quality compliance 
- SGS inspection 
- Buyer’s inspection 
- Laboratory report 
- Matching of the goods as per sample and specification   
2. Damage or loss of goods
- Insurance coverage 
- Good packing 
3. Delay in delivery
-  Good coordination with shipping line through Custom Broker/Directly 
- Strict time planning 
- Using efficient transport 
- Knowledgeable Custom Broker 
- Perfect documentation 
4 Risk of payment
- Use appropriate payment terms (Advance Payment/LC/DP/DA)
- Assess the country risk 
- ECGC coverage 
- Factoring 
Q 252: : Our query as per SIMS Notification number, SIMS registration will be done not earlier than 60th day and not later than 15th day before the expected date of arrival of import consignment. If we are unable to register in the stipulated time, will a fine/penalty accrue? If yes, kindly advice regarding Notification or Standing Order.
A: 1. The rate and availability of steel products in India was a major problem for engineering industries and exporters of engineering goods.
2. Import policy on iron & steel was amended on 05.09.2019.
3. DGFT Notification No. 17/2015-2020  Dated 05.09.2019 was issued to incorporate the policy condition of import related to goods under  Chapter 72, 73 and 86 of  ITC (HS), 2017, Schedule — I.
4. The import policy for these goods was changed from `free’ to ‘free subject to compulsory registration under Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS)’. 
5. By this notification, a new condition was inserted for import of goods under these three Chapters.
6. Items covered are given in annex to the notification.
7. The Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS) shall require importers to submit advance information in an online system for import of items in the Annex and obtain an automatic Registration Number.
8. This registration is for each import.
9. The registration fee is Re. 1 per thousand subject to minimum of Rs 500 and maximum of Rs 1 lakh on CIF value. 
10. The importer can apply for registration not earlier than 60th day and not later than 15th day before the expected date of arrival of import consignment. 
11. For example: If your import is expected on 01.09.2022, then your registration should be done between 04.07.2022 to 15.10.2022.
12. This timeframe is amended by DGFT Notification No. 19/2015-2020 Dated 07.07.2022 and now the importer can apply for registration not earlier than 60th day before the expected date of arrival of import consignment. 
13. The restriction of registration “not later than 15th day before the expected date of arrival of import consignment” is now removed.
14. Effect of the Notification: The requirement of advance registration of minimum 15 days from the expected date of arrival of import consignment under SIMS has been abolished.
15. This notification is relaxation and it has diluted the gravity of non-registration. 
16. The automatic Registration Number thus granted shall remain valid for a period of 75 days.
17. Importer shall have to enter the Registration Number and expiry date of Registration in the Bill of Entry to enable Customs for clearance of consignment. 
18. Custom Broker should be aware about this new requirement/procedure.
19. There is amendment in registration of time period of SIMS of: 
* Policy Condition No. 04 (c) of Chapter - 72, 
* Policy Condition No. 03 (c) of Chapter - 73 and 
* Policy Condition No. 03 (c) of Chapter 86 of Schedule-I (Import Policy) 
20. SIMS registration is compulsory for applicable products.
21. Import of these products without registration will be considered as an act of omission and commission.
22. Import into India without requisite SIMS certificate therefore is liable for confiscation under Section 111(d) & 111(m) of the Customs Act, 1962.
23. The importer can be liable for penalty under Section 112(a).
24. Notification No. 33/2015-2020 28th September, 2020 is also on this subject.