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Dun & Bradstreet releases ‘Port Logistics: Issues & Challenges in India’ report

Proposes 60 policy measures to strengthen ports sector


Dun & Bradstreet has brought out a ‘Port Logistics: Issues & Challenges in India’ report. The study looks into various roadblocks and suggests policy recommendations to resolve the challenges across ports in India. It was handed over to Mr Suresh Prabhu, Minister of Commerce & Industry, here on Monday.


To achieve a target of 5 per cent share in world exports, India’s exports need to grow at an average rate of over 26 per cent for the next five years. This would require increasing its product competitiveness. Enhancing product competitiveness in the global market needs infrastructure for trade to improve, and ports are a critical part of trade infrastructure.


The study encapsulates key issues and challenges and also proposes 60 policy measures to strengthen the ports sector, which represents the bulk of India’s merchandise trade. The study introduces a ‘Port Performance Index’ as an attempt to benchmark performance of various ports by combining qualitative perception of stakeholders with quantitative outcome-based data.


Covering 13 ports which handle around 67 per cent of India’s maritime trade, the report engaged with 700 respondents pan-India, comprising government officials, trade associations, exporters/importers, cargo handling agents and freight forwarders. Feedback was collected from these stakeholders on both qualitative and quantitative aspects of business transactions at ports.


The scope of this study was limited only to container and bulk cargo handled at these ports and did not cover liquid cargo.


Looking at 13 Major Ports, 3 ports (JNPT, Kamarajar, Vizag) have received ‘Good’ score; 7 ports (Cochin, Deendayal, Paradip, Chennai, Mormugao, New Mangalore and VOC) have received ‘Average’ score and 3 ports (Haldia, Kolkata and MbPT) have received ‘Poor’ score, said an official release.


Five issues, namely, port congestion, Customs clearance (including scanning and ICEGATE), shipping line issues and charges, documentation and paperwork, and regulatory clearance are the most common problems across ports and, of these, just 4 issues constitute 80 per cent of total issues causing detention and demurrage.


The three major findings of the report are—Processes and operations across the ports are not standardised or uniform; Costs and time for key processes are unpredictable and there is an unacceptable level of variation across ports as well as within port; Several government initiatives taken need to be followed through to completion, the release pointed out.


Source : Exim News Service - New Delhi, Feb. 13


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